Linkliste (K&R in progress): Museen, Gedenkstätten, Archive, Filme…

Kraut und Rüben erstmal

Cape Town
District Six: “District Six was named the Sixth Municipal District of Cape Town in 1867. Originally established as a mixed community of freed slaves, merchants, artisans, labourers and immigrants, District Six was a vibrant centre with close links to the city and the port. By the beginning of the twentieth century, however, the process of removals and marginalisation had begun.
The first to be ‘resettled’ were black South Africans, forcibly displaced from the District in 1901. As the more prosperous moved away to the suburbs, the area became a neglected ward of Cape Town.
In 1966 it was declared a white area under the Group Areas Act of 1950, and by 1982, the life of the community was over. 60 000 people were forcibly removed to barren outlying areas aptly known as the Cape Flats, and their houses in District Six were flattened by bulldozers.
The District Six Museum, established in December 1994, works with the memories of these experiences and with the history of forced removals more generally.”
siehe u.a. auch hier.

Robben Island Museum: “From the 17th to the 20th centuries, Robben Island served as a place of banishment, isolation and imprisonment. Today it is a World Heritage Site and museum, a poignant reminder to the newly democratic South Africa of the price paid for freedom.”

South African National Gallery: “ South Africa’s premier art museum houses outstanding collections of South African, African, British, French, Dutch and Flemish art. Selections from the Permanent Collection change regularly to enable the museum to have a full programme of temporary exhibitions of paintings, works on paper, photography, sculpture, beadwork, textiles and architecture.”
etwa die Ausstellung (mit Katalog): Uncontained the Community Arts Project Archive

The Crypt Memory and Witness Centre: “”"The Crypt Memory and Witness Centre seeks to be an inspiring space for reflection, dialogue, hope and healing, with a social justice forum where humanity in its fullness is celebrated. Since April 2010, the Centre operates as a Section 21 not for profit Company with members and directors.”"”
etwa die Ausstellung: Bearing Witness. The Nyanga Story 1982

Lwandle Migrant Labour Museum: “The Lwandle Migrant Labour Museum is 40 kilometres (30 miles) outside Cape Town. It is a memorial to the system of migrant labour, single sex hostels and the control of black workers through the identity document which controlled the lives of black South Africans under apartheid— the infamous pass book.
The museum reminds residents and visitors of the horrific living conditions that the migrant labour system imposed. Lwandle was established in 1958 with hostel type accommodation for workers in the nearby fruit and canning industry. These hostels were only intended for single men. Hostels provided very basic accommodation with four to six men occupying a small confined space, with an entire block sharing rudimentary ablution facilities. In the 1980s, as the control of the flow of people from rural areas was eased, these hostels became even more overcrowded. Facilities were not provided to sustain the increased population.
With the onset of democracy in South Africa, the ANC led government turned the hostels of Lwandle into family type accommodation. Residents of the area felt that at least one hostel should be preserved to sustain a memory of how the system of apartheid had operated and decided to establish a museum. On Workers Day (1 May) 2000 the museum was officially opened by the poet and ex-Lwandle resident, Sandile Dikeni. The museum’s exhibits commemorate the trials, tribulations and triumphs of migrant workers and hostel life in Southern Africa. According to William Khanuka, one of Lwandle’s oldest residents, the museum is for people now as well as for the coming generations.”

Port Elizabeth
Red Location: “New Brighton was the main African township, with a complex social geography. It comprised not only McNamee Village, built between 1938 and 1943 (and hailed by the City Council as a ‘new model township’), but also the oldest section Red Location, a squalid, crowded ghetto where most homes lacked basic services. (…) These townships generated a series of community protests in the 1940s, around bread-and-butter issues such as food and transport prices (siehe auch in Mandelas Biographie, Beschreibung der Townships around Jo’burg, Anm. J.K.), rent increases and the imposition of lodgers’ permits. These issues became closely bound up with strikes and protests mounted by a new form of trade unionsim: a labour movement much more directed by concious political intentions.” (Bundy: Mbeki, S. 77f.) “Erinnerungsboxen”. Und u.a. ein Fotoessay über eine Demonstration in Uitenhage 1985, bei der mindestens 20 Menschen von der Polizei erschossen wurden (wiederum, wie sooft (Sharpville, Soweto… Marikana) viele in den Rücken).

Old Library Building: The Mangaliso Robert Sobukwe Permanent Exhibition
see also here.



Fort Hare…

Nelson Mandela Museum: ANC-Helden_innengeschichten gewidmet; dzt. (2012) zentriert um Chief Albert Luthuli sowie Albertina und Walter Sisulu)
Section des Museums in Mthatha wird gerade renoviert.

Kwa Muhle Museum: Wechselausstellungen: u.a. NUMSA (Gewerkschaft), einzelne Protagonisten des Freiheitskampf (Why i did it; Anschlag in Supermall – bekannter Fall, bei dem ein Kind getötet wurde, das sein Vater als “Held” innerhalb des freedom struggle bezeichnet hat (auch vor dem TRC), kommt in allen Biographien, die ich bisher gelsen habe, vor). Bemüht um Interaktivität und Lernprozess für Gegenwart.




DISA: Digital Innovation South Africa:
“DISA is a freely accessible online scholarly resource focusing on the socio-political history of South Africa, particularly the struggle for freedom during the period  from 1950 to the first democratic elections in 1994, providing a wealth of material on this fascinating period of the country’s history.  Much time, creative thought and debate goes into the selection of the content, and participation and input from interested persons, scholars and institutions in South Africa and overseas is encouraged.”

African Journal Archive: “The African Journal Archive is a retrospective digitisation project of full-text journal articles published in Africa, in the Sciences, Social Sciences and Humanities, providing access to a multi-disciplinary, multi-country digital archive of Africa’s research and cultural heritage contained in its journal literature.”

UWC – Robben Island: Mayibuye-Archives:

“The Archives provide a unique and often fragile documentary record of South African history and culture, particularly with regard to the apartheid period, the freedom struggle and political imprisonment in South Africa.
The Archives are vast, comprising more than 100 000 photographs, 10 000 film and video recordings, 5 000 artefacts from the Island and elsewhere, 2 000 oral history tapes, 2 000 posters as well as 10 000 political cartoons.
The extensive art collection includes the UN-sponsored International Artists Against Apartheid Exhibition, and a number of other small collections. The historical papers collection consists of more than 300 collections.
In many ways the Archives are an inside history of the struggle.  People risked their lives and organisations faced banning orders to record the struggle against apartheid from within, at a time when repression and censorship were rampant, and Mandela’s name scratched on a coffee cup could get you four years in jail.”
(zum Begriff Mayibuye, siehe auch Mayibuye iAfrika)

Archive and Public Culture Research Initiative: “The Archive and Public Culture Research Initiative was established to grapple with critical questions about history, memory, identity and the public sphere in South Africa. Funded by the National Research Foundation and based at the University of Cape Town’s Social Anthropology Department, this five-year interdisciplinary research project brings together leading established and emerging scholars/researchers to explore the workings of the archive in contemporary culture.”

TRC: Website der TRC u.a. mit allen Reports

ANC: Website des ANC (umfangreiche Materialiensammlung)

September National Imbizo (“We are the ones we’ve been waiting for”): Auszug: “The people’s movement is undertaking campaigns to build the movement. Our key campaign rights now is the PEOPLE’S MANIFESTO, which demands that politicians and public servants and their families must be compelled by law to use public services. It’s only when Jacob Zuma and Hellen Zille are to use the same hospitals, schools, transport and houses that the public uses that they would improve the quality of public service.”

Amandla!: “Amandla! is a bi-monthly magazine and website project that aims to promote discussion and debate towards a new left and anti-capitalist politics in South Africa and Southern Africa. Amandla! provides coverage and analysis of current political, economic, social processes, events and struggles from a radical perspective. It gives extensive coverage of the issues, activities and debates of South Africa’s social, labour movements and other popular organisations, giving the reader an in-depth insight into their challenges, struggles, programmes and strategies. Analysis of current national, regional, continental and global events makes up the bulk of the magazine. It features proposals from a broad range of sources for alternative strategies and perspectives that can deepen the process of social transformation in South Africa and the continent. Features on current issues, book and film reviews, and letters ensures a lively and dynamic publication.”

History matters: “History Matters is a forum where South Africans can stimulate and participate in contemporary debates about the issues, challenges, limitations and triumphs of South Africa’s democracy. History Matters is intended to encourage wider debate and discussion in our society, promote active citizenship, and increase the diversity and influence of ideas in the national discussion.”

South Africa History Online: “South African History Online (SAHO) is the largest independent non-partisan peoples’ history project in the country.
It was established in June 2000, as a non-profit Section 21 organisation, with the aim to address the biased manner in which the history and cultural heritage of South Africa (and Africa) has been represented in our educational and cultural institutions.”Mission
SAHO’s mission is to break the silences about our past and to promote history and the arts.  It is committed to:

  • building a comprehensive online encyclopaedia of South African history and culture
  • forging links with local history organisations, universities, museums, libraries and archives to promote research, scholarship and strengthening the teaching and study of history
  • encouraging  South Africans to help rewrite our history by telling their stories”

Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory: “The Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory delivers the core-work of the Nelson Mandela Foundation. The Foundation is a not-for-profit organisation established in 1999 to support its Founder’s ongoing engagement in worthy causes on his retirement as President of South Africa. The Foundation is registered as a trust, with its board of trustees comprising prominent South Africans selected by the Founder. (…) The Centre focuses on three areas of work: the Life and Time of Nelson Mandela, Dialogue for Social Justice and Nelson Mandela International Day. The Centre works closely with its sister organisations, the Nelson Mandela Children’s Fund and The Mandela Rhodes Foundation. It co-ordinates its activities with those of other institutions that have a stake in its Founder’s legacy, including the 46664 Campaign, the Nelson Mandela Institute for Education and Rural Development, the Nelson Mandela Children’s Hospital, the Nelson Mandela Museum and the Robben Island Museum.”

The Steve Biko Foundation “is a community development organization inspired by the legacy of Bantu Stephen Biko. An examination of the leading South African institutions that have contributed to shaping national discourse, highlights the void that exists in promoting the intangible aspects of development: identity, culture and values, the issues that speak to the soul of a nation.
Since its inception, the Steve Biko Foundation has sought to fill this gap; and in the coming decade will intensify its efforts to strengthen democracy by championing dialogue, scholarship and programmes on the relationship between identity, agency, citizenship and social action.”

FILME/TV (-SERIEN): meist Streams

(Labia: Kino, Cape Town, with “African Screen”)

Jerusalema Gangsters Paradise (2008)
Cry Freedom
Cry, the beloved Country (1995)
Invictus (2000)
District 9 (2009)

Dear Mandela (2011, kein Stream, nur Website)

Truth Commission Special Report
(1995f): Der Link zu Folge 1: “Special Report’s inaugural episode covers the very first hearings of the TRC’s Human Rights Violation (HRV) Committee, held in East London between April the 15th and 19th”
Von hier ausgehend alle Folgen auf Youtube.

nicht online, auf DVD/Festplatte
Sea Point Days
A country imagined (Serie für SABC)
Crossroads (see here)
Amandla!:  A Revolution in Four-Part Harmony
The Creators

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